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Urinary incontinence is more common in women than in men. It usually occurs when people get older. However, this is not always associated with old age. There are several reasons why one may develop urinary incontinence. Obesity and smoking are two major risk factors for the condition. However, urinary incontinence can be managed or treated. So, it is recommended to consult a urologist if you start noticing the symptoms.
Dr. Nishith Reddy, one of the best urologists in Hyderabad, can help you with the treatment of urinary incontinence. You can get a consultation with the doctor and get clarity on how to manage or treat the condition in the right way.
What are the Symptoms of Urinary Incontinence?
Most people suffering from urinary incontinence experience occasional leaks of urine in a small amount. Some may lose small to moderate amounts of urine more often.
Based on the symptoms, urinary incontinence can be classified into several types:
- Stress Incontinence - When you exert pressure on your bladder by sneezing, coughing, exercising, laughing or lifting something heavy, you leak urine involuntarily.
- Overflow Incontinence - You get frequent or constant dribbling of urine as your bladder does not empty completely.
- Urge Incontinence - You experience a sudden and strong urge to urinate which is followed by an involuntary loss of urine. In this condition, you may need to urinate often, even during the night. This condition may be triggered by some minor conditions like an infection or something more serious such as diabetes or a neurological disorder.
- Functional Incontinence - In some cases, a physical or mental issue may keep you from holding your pee in till you reach the toilet. For instance, if you are suffering from severe arthritis, you may not be able to unbutton your pants fast enough to take a leak in the toilet in the proper manner.
- Mixed Incontinence - It is possible to develop more than one type of urinary incontinence. It can be a combination of urge incontinence and stress incontinence. If you experience any form of urinary incontinence, it is recommended to consult a urologist and get the necessary treatment. Dr. Nishith Reddy is a renowned urologist, whom you can trust for the right consultation and treatment of your urinary incontinence.
What are the Causes of Urinary Incontinence?
Urinary Incontinence can occur due to various reasons. Some of the common causes include:
- Neurological conditions, such as stroke, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease
- Cystitis – an inflammation of the lining of the bladder
- Enlarged prostate
- A tumor pressing against the bladder
- Urinary stones
- Pregnancy and childbirth
- Hysterectomy or some other surgery
- A spinal cord injury that affects the nerve signals between the brain and the bladder
- Certain medications
- Urinary Tract Infection
At Hyderabad Multi-speciality Hospital, Dr. Nishith Reddy can diagnose your condition and identify the cause of your urinary incontinence. Based on the diagnosis, he can plan the treatment for you.
What are the Major Ways to Diagnose Urinary Incontinence?
Based on the symptoms, your urologist may perform one (or more) of the following methods to diagnose your urinary incontinence.
- Physical Exam - If you are a male patient, your urologist may check the rectum to determine whether your prostate gland is enlarged. If you are a female patient, the doctor may examine the vagina and check the strength of the pelvic floor muscles.
- A Bladder Diary - In this procedure, you need to record how much fluid are you drinking and how much urine are you producing. Also, you need to record the number of episodes of incontinence. Based on the numbers, your urologist will provide you with the diagnosis.
- Blood Test - This is performed to assess your kidney function.
- Urinalysis - This test is performed to look for signs of infection and other abnormalities.
- Pelvic Ultrasound - This procedure provides an image and helps the urologist detect any abnormalities in the area.
- Postvoid residual (PVR) Measurement - This method is used to assess how much urine is left in the bladder after urinating.
Dr. Nishith Reddy has years of experience in treating patients with urological problems. Based on the symptoms you are having, he can suggest you the right way to diagnose the problem and plan the treatment accordingly.
How to Prevent the Development of Urinary Incontinence?
It is important to understand that urinary incontinence is not always preventable. However, you can reduce the risk of developing it with a few measures.
- Practice pelvic floor exercises
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Avoid food and beverages that may irritate the bladder (caffeine, acidic food and alcohol)
- Quit smoking if you are a smoker
- Eat more fiber as it helps prevent constipation, which is a major cause of urinary incontinence
It is recommended to get regular check-ups so that such problems can be detected at an early stage.
Frequently Asked Questions about Urinary Incontinence
Q: What is the main cause of urinary incontinence?
A: Urinary incontinence may happen to a person for various reasons. Some of the common reasons are:
- Urinary tract infection
- Vaginal infection or irritation
- Certain medications
You may also develop urinary incontinence due to weak bladder or pelvic floor muscles.
Q: How do you stop urinary incontinence?
A: You can take several measures to reduce the risk of urinary incontinence. They are:
- Do daily pelvic floor exercises
- Avoid lifting heavy
- If you are a smoker, stop smoking
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Cut down on caffeine
- Treat constipation by consuming fiber
- Eat the right food and drink plenty of water
- Avoid alcohol consumption
Q: What happens if urinary incontinence is left untreated?
A: If urinary incontinence is left untreated, it may lead to some major complications, including loss of sleep, anxiety, depression and loss of interest in sex.
Q: Can urinary incontinence be cured?
A: There is no cure for urinary incontinence and it does not usually go away on its own. However, with proper measures and good treatment, the condition can be managed. Consult a urologist once you start noticing the symptoms.